CRITICISM OF THE MOST CONSTRUCTIVE CONCEPTS
Mir Rossii, 2011, No 1
The article analyzes three concepts, claiming the disclosure of the underlying foundations of the Russian mentality as sources of highly controversial features (including negative ones) of the "Russian national character." There are considered esoteric presentation by Nikolai Berdyaev of "femininity of the Russian soul", a sociological tradition of the Levada-Center (Yury A. Levada, Lev D. Gudkov, etc.) treating types "of simple Soviet" and "post-Soviet" man, the concept by Igor G. Yakovenko about ‘sinkrezis’ as the basis of Russian archetypal consciousness. It is shown that the texts of contemporary authors, claiming to "modern consciousness", are not free from the characteristics attributed to the “archaic consciousness”. The very dichotomy "traditional – contemporary” with its presupposition of a unilinear social evolution is criticized. An alternative model to explain the typical Russian ideological preferences is proposed, and approach of sociological research for testing correspondent theoretical hypotheses is presented.