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ISSN - 14346044, EISSN - 14346052, European Physical Journal C, 2003, vol. 27, p. 497-521

Confronting spectral functions from e+e- annihilation and τ decays: Consequences for the muon magnetic moment

Davier M., Eidelman S., Höcker A., Zhang Z.

Vacuum polarization integrals involve the vector spectral functions which can be experimentally determined from two sources: (i) e+e- annihilation cross sections and (ii) hadronic τ decays. Recently results with comparable precision have become available from CMD-2 on one side, and ALEPH, CLEO and OPAL on the other. The comparison of the respective spectral functions involves a correction from isospin-breaking effects, which is evaluated. After the correction it is found that the dominant ππ spectral functions do not agree within experimental and theoretical uncertainties. Some disagreement is also found for the 4π spectral functions. The consequences of these discrepancies for vacuum polarization calculations are presented, with the emphasis on the muon anomalous magnetic moment. The work includes a complete reevaluation of all exclusive cross sections, taking into account the most recent data that became available in particular from the Novosibirsk experiments and applying corrections for the missing radiative corrections. The values found for the lowest-order hadronic vacuum polarization contributions are amu; had,LO = { (684.7 ± 6.0exp ± 3.6rad) 10-10 [e+e- - based], (709.0 ± 5.1exp ± 1.2rad ± 2.8SU(2)) 10-10 [τ - based], where the errors have been separated according to their sources: experimental, missing radiative corrections in e+e- data, and isospin breaking. The Standard Model predictions for the muon magnetic anomaly read aμ = { (11 659 169.3 ± 7.0had ± 3.5LBL ± 0.4QED+EW) 10-10 [e+e- - based], (11 659 193.6 ± 5.9had ± 3.5LBL ± 0.4QED+EW) 10-10 [τ - based], where the errors account for the hadronic, light-by-light scattering and electroweak contributions. We observe deviations with the recent BNL measurement at the 3.0 (e+e-) and 0.9 (τ) σ level, when adding experimental and theoretical errors in quadrature.