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ISSN - 15507998, Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 2002, vol. 66, p. -

Study of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries and flavor oscillations in neutral B decays at the γ (4S)

Aubert B., Boutigny D., Gaillard J. M., Hicheur A., Karyotakis Y., Lees J. P., Robbe P., Tisserand V., Palano A., Pompili A., Chen G. P., Chen J. C., Qi N. D., Rong G., Wang P., Zhu Y. S., Eigen G., Stugu B., Abrams G. S., Borgland A. W., Breon A. B., Brown D. N., Button-Shafer J., Cahn R. N., Clark A. R., Gill M. S., Gritsan A. V., Groysman Y., Jacobsen R. G., Kadel R. W., Kadyk J., Kerth L. T., Kolomensky Yu G., Kral J. F., LeClerc C., Levi M. E., Lynch G., Oddone P. J., Pripstein M., Roe N. A., Romosan A., Ronan M. T., Shelkov V. G., Telnov A. V., Wenzel W. A., Harrison T. J., Hawkes C. M., Knowles D. J., O'Neale S. W., Penny R. C., Watson A. T., Watson N. K., Deppermann T., Goetzen K., Koch H., Kunze M., Lewandowski B., Peters K., Schmuecker H., Steinke M., Barlow N. R., Bhimji W., Chevalier N., Clark P. J., Cottingham W. N., Foster B., Mackay C., Wilson F. F., Abe K., Hearty C., Mattison T. S., McKenna J. A., Thiessen D., Jolly S., McKemey A. K., Blinov V. E., Bukin A. D., Bukin D. A., Buzykaev A. R., Golubev V. B., Ivanchenko V. N., Korol A. A., Kravchenko E. A., Onuchin A. P., Serednyakov S. I., Skovpen Yu I., Telnov V. I., Yushkov A. N., Best D., Chao M., Kirkby D., Lankford A. J., Mandelkern M., McMahon S., Stoker D. P., Arisaka K., Buchanan C., Chun S., MacFarlane D. B.

We present a measurement of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in neutral B meson decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e +e - collider at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The data sample consists of 29.7 fb -1 recorded at the γ(4S) resonance and 3.9 fb -1 off resonance. One of the neutral B mesons, which are produced in pairs at the γ(4S), is fully reconstructed in the CP decay modes J/ ψK S 0, ψ(2S)K S 0, χ c1K S 0, J/ψK* 0 (K* 0→K S 0π 0) and J/ψK L 0, or in flavor-eigenstate modes involving D (*)π/p/a 1 and J/ψK* 0 (K* 0→K +π -). The flavor of the other neutral B meson is tagged at the time of its decay, mainly with the charge of identified leptons and kaons. A neural netsvork tagging algorithm is used to recover events without a clear lepton or kaon tag. The proper time elapsed between the decays is determined by measuring the distance between the decay vertices. Wrong-tag probabilities, the time-difference resolution function, and the B 0-B̄ 0 oscillation frequency Δm d are measured with a sample of about 6350 fully-reconstructed B 0 decays in hadronic flavor-eigenstate modes. A maximum-likelihood fit to this flavor eigenstate sample finds Δm d=0.516±0.016(stat)±0.010(syst) ps -1. The value of the asymmetry amplitude sin 2β is determined from a simultaneous maximum-likelihood fit to the time-difference distribution of the flavor-eigenstate sample and about 642 tagged B 0 decays in the CP-eigenstate modes. We find sin 2β=0.59 ±0.14(stat)±0. 05(syst), demonstrating that CP violation exists in the neutral B meson system. We also determine the value of the CP violation parameter |λ|=0. 93±0.09(stat)±0.03(syst), which is consistent with the expectation of |λ|=1 for no direct CP violation. © 2002 The American Physical Society.