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ISSN - 00319007, EISSN - 10797114, Physical Review Letters, 2006, vol. 97, p. -

Observation of e+e- annihilation into the C=+1 hadronic final states ρ0ρ0 and ρ0

Aubert B., Barate R., Bona M., Boutigny D., Couderc F., Karyotakis Y., Lees J. P., Poireau V., Tisserand V., Zghiche A., Grauges E., Palano A., Chen J. C., Qi N. D., Rong G., Wang P., Zhu Y. S., Eigen G., Ofte I., Stugu B., Abrams G. S., Battaglia M., Brown D. N., Button-Shafer J., Cahn R. N., Charles E., Gill M. S., Groysman Y., Jacobsen R. G., Kadyk J. A., Kerth L. T., Kolomensky Y. G., Kukartsev G., Lynch G., Mir L. M., Oddone P. J., Orimoto T. J., Pripstein M., Roe N. A., Ronan M. T., Wenzel W. A., del Amo Sanchez P., Barrett M., Ford K. E., Harrison T. J., Hart A. J., Hawkes C. M., Morgan S. E., Watson A. T., Goetzen K., Held T., Koch H., Lewandowski B., Pelizaeus M., Peters K., Schroeder T., Steinke M., Boyd J. T., Burke J. P., Cottingham W. N., Walker D., Cuhadar-Donszelmann T., Fulsom B. G., Hearty C., Knecht N. S., Mattison T. S., McKenna J. A., Khan A., Kyberd P., Saleem M., Sherwood D. J., Teodorescu L., Blinov V. E., Bukin A. D., Druzhinin V. P., Golubev V. B., Onuchin A. P., Serednyakov S. I., Skovpen Y. I., Solodov E. P., Todyshev K. Y., Best D. S., Bondioli M., Bruinsma M., Chao M., Curry S., Eschrich I., Kirkby D., Lankford A. J., Lund P., Mandelkern M., Mommsen R. K., Roethel W., Stoker D. P., Abachi S., Buchanan C., Foulkes S. D., Gary J. W., Long O., Shen B. C.

We report the first observation of e+e- annihilation into states of positive C parity, namely, ρ0ρ0 and ρ0. The two states are observed in the π+π-π+π- and K+K-π+π- final states, respectively, in a data sample of 225fb-1 collected by the BABAR experiment at the Positron-Electron Project II e+e- storage rings at energies near s=10.58GeV. The distributions of cos θ*, where θ* is the center-of-mass polar angle of the meson or the forward ρ0 meson, suggest production by two-virtual-photon annihilation. We measure cross sections within the range |cos θ*|<0.8 of σ(e+e-→ρ0ρ0)=20.7±0.7(stat) ±2.7(syst)fb and σ(e+e-→ρ0)=5.7±0.5(stat)±0. 8(syst)fb. © 2006 The American Physical Society.