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ISSN - 15507998, Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 2004, vol. 69, p. -

Observation of the decay B0 → ρ+ ρ- and measurement of the branching fraction and polarization

Aubert B., Barate R., Boutigny D., Couderc F., Gaillard J. M., Hicheur A., Karyotakis Y., Lees J. P., Tisserand V., Zghiche A., Palano A., Pompili A., Chen J. C., Qi N. D., Rong G., Wang P., Zhu Y. S., Eigen G., Ofte I., Stugu B., Abrams G. S., Borgland A. W., Breon A. B., Brown D. N., Button-Shafer J., Cahn R. N., Charles E., Day C. T., Gill M. S., Gritsan A. V., Groysman Y., Jacobsen R. G., Kadel R. W., Kadyk J., Kerth L. T., Kolomensky Yu G., Kukartsev G., LeClerc C., Levi M. E., Lynch G., Mir L. M., Oddone P. J., Orimoto T. J., Pripstein M., Roe N. A., Ronan M. T., Shelkov V. G., Telnov A. V., Wenzel W. A., Ford K., Harrison T. J., Hawkes C. M., Morgan S. E., Watson A. T., Watson N. K., Fritsch M., Goetzen K., Held T., Koch H., Lewandowski B., Pelizaeus M., Peters K., Schmuecker H., Steinke M., Boyd J. T., Chevalier N., Cottingham W. N., Kelly M. P., Latham T. E., Mackay C., Wilson F. F., Abe K., Cuhadar-Donszelmann T., Hearty C., Mattison T. S., McKenna J. A., Thiessen D., Kyberd P., McKemey A. K., Teodorescu L., Blinov V. E., Bukin A. D., Golubev V. B., Ivanchenko V. N., Kravchenko E. A., Onuchin A. P., Serednyakov S. I., Skovpen Yu I., Solodov E. P., Yushkov A. N., Best D., Bruinsma M., Chao M., Eschrich I., Kirkby D., Lankford A. J., Mandelkern M., Mommsen R. K., Roethel W.

We have observed the rare decay B0 → ρ+ ρ- in a sample of 89 million BB̄ pairs recorded with the BABAR detector. The number of observed events is 88-21 +23±9 with a significance of 5.1 standard deviations with systematic uncertainties included. The branching fraction and the longitudinal polarization are measured to be β(B0 → ρ+ ρ-) = (25-6-6 +7+5× 10-6 and ΓLΓ = 0.98-0.08 +0.02±0. 03, respectively. © 2004 The American Physical Society.