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ISSN - 15507998, Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 2008, vol. 78, p. -

Measurement of D0-D̄0 mixing using the ratio of lifetimes for the decays D0→K-π+, K-K+, and π-π+

Aubert B., Bona M., Karyotakis Y., Lees J. P., Poireau V., Prudent X., Tisserand V., Zghiche A., Garra Tico J., Grauges E., Lopez L., Palano A., Pappagallo M., Eigen G., Stugu B., Sun L., Abrams G. S., Battaglia M., Brown D. N., Button-Shafer J., Cahn R. N., Jacobsen R. G., Kadyk J. A., Kerth L. T., Kolomensky Yu G., Kukartsev G., Lynch G., Osipenkov I. L., Ronan M. T., Tackmann K., Tanabe T., Wenzel W. A., Del Amo Sanchez P., Hawkes C. M., Soni N., Watson A. T., Koch H., Schroeder T., Walker D., Asgeirsson D. J., Cuhadar-Donszelmann T., Fulsom B. G., Hearty C., Mattison T. S., McKenna J. A., Barrett M., Khan A., Saleem M., Teodorescu L., Blinov V. E., Bukin A. D., Buzykaev A. R., Druzhinin V. P., Golubev V. B., Onuchin A. P., Serednyakov S. I., Skovpen Yu I., Solodov E. P., Todyshev K. Yu, Bondioli M., Curry S., Eschrich I., Kirkby D., Lankford A. J., Lund P., Mandelkern M., Martin E. C., Stoker D. P., Abachi S., Buchanan C., Gary J. W., Liu F., Long O., Shen B. C., Vitug G. M., Zhang L., Paar H. P., Rahatlou S., Sharma V., Campagnari C., Hong T. M., Kovalskyi D., Richman J. D., Beck T. W., Eisner A. M., Flacco C. J., Heusch C. A., Kroseberg J., Lockman W. S., Schalk T., Schumm B. A., Seiden A., Wilson M. G., Winstrom L. O., Chen E., Cheng C. H., Doll D. A., Echenard B., Fang F., Hitlin D. G.

We present a measurement of D0-D̄0 mixing parameters using the ratios of lifetimes extracted from a sample of D0 mesons produced through the process D*+→D0π+, which decay to K-π+, K-K+, or π-π+. The lifetimes of the CP-even, Cabibbo-suppressed modes K-K+ and π-π+ are compared with that of the CP-mixed, Cabibbo-favored mode K-π+ to obtain a measurement of yCP, which in the limit of CP conservation corresponds to the mixing parameter y. The analysis is based on a data sample of 384fb-1 collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. We obtain yCP=[1.24±0.39(stat)±0.13(syst)]%, which is evidence for D0-D̄0 mixing at the 3σ level, and ΔY=[-0.26±0.36(stat) ±0.08(syst)]%, where ΔY constrains possible CP violation. Combining this result with a previous BABAR measurement of yCP obtained from a separate sample of D0→K-K+ events, we obtain yCP=[1.03±0.33(stat)±0. 19(syst)]%. © 2008 The American Physical Society.