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ISSN - 01694332, Applied Surface Science, 2008, vol. 254, p. 8041-8045

New reconstruction-stoichiometry correlation for GaAs(0 0 1) surface treated by atomic hydrogen

Toropetsky K. V., Tereshchenko O. E., Petukhov D. A., Terekhov A. S.

The structure, stoichiometry and electronic properties of the GaAs(0 0 1)-(2 × 4)/c(2 × 8) surface treated by cycles of atomic hydrogen (AH) exposure and subsequent annealing in UHV were studied with the aim of preparing the Ga-rich surface at low temperatures. Low energy electron diffraction showed reproducible structural transformations in each cycle: AH adsorption at the (2 × 4)/c(2 × 8) surface led to the (1 × 4) structure at low AH exposure and to a (1 × 1) surface at higher AH exposure with subsequent restoration of the (2 × 4)/c(2 × 8) structure under annealing at 450 °C. The cycles of AH treatment preserved the atomic flatness of the GaAs(1 0 0) surface, keeping the mean roughness on to about 0.15 nm. The AH treatment cycles led to the oscillatory behavior of 3dAs/3dGa ratio with a gradual decrease to the value characteristic for the Ga-rich surface. Similar oscillatory variations were observed in the work function. The results are consistent with the loss of As from the surface as a result of the desorption of volatile compounds which are formed after reaction with H. The prepared Ga-rich GaAs(0 0 1) surface showed the stability of the (2 × 4)/c(2 × 8) structure up to the annealing temperature of 580 °C. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.