ISSN - 00213640, EISSN - 10906487, JETP Letters, 2010, vol. 91, p. 466-470
Reconstruction dependence of the etching and passivation of the GaAs(001) surface
The microscopic nature of the selective interaction of iodine with an As- and Ga-stabilized GaAs(001) surface has been investigated by the photoelectron emission and ab initio calculations. The adsorption of iodine on the Ga-stabilized (4 × 2)/c(8 × 2) surface leads to the formation of the prevailing chemical bond with gallium atoms; to a significant redistribution of the electron density between the surface Ga and As atoms; and, as a result, to a decrease in their binding energy. Iodine on the As-stabilized (2 × 4)/c(2 × 8) surface forms a bond predominantly with surface arsenic atoms. Such a selective interaction of iodine with the reconstructed surfaces gives rise to the etching of the Ga-stabilized surface and the passivation of the As-stabilized surface; this explains the layer-by-layer ("digital") etching of GaAs(001) controlled by the reconstruction transitions on this surface. © 2010 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.