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ISSN - 15507998, Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 2002, vol. 66, p. 320031-3200354

Study of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries and flavor oscillations in neutral B decays at the Υ(4S)

Aubert B., Boutigny D., Gaillard J. M., Hicheur A., Karyotakis Y., Lees J. P., Robbe P., Tisserand V., Palano A., Pompili A., Chen G. P., Chen J. C., Qi N. D., Rong G., Wang P., Zhu Y. S., Eigen G., Stugu B., Abrams G. S., Borgland A. W., Breon A. B., Brown D. N., Button-Shafer J., Cahn R. N., Clark A. R., Gill M. S., Gritsan A. V., Groysman Y., Jacobsen R. G., Kadel R. W., Kadyk J., Kerth L. T., Kolomensky Yu G., Kral J. F., LeClerc C., Levi M. E., Lynch G., Oddone P. J., Pripstein M., Roe N. A., Romosan A., Ronan M. T., Shelkov V. G., Telnov A. V., Wenzel W. A., Harrison T. J., Hawkes C. M., Knowles D. J., O'Neale S. W., Penny R. C., Watson A. T., Watson N. K., Deppermann T., Goetzen K., Koch H., Kunze M., Lewandowski B., Peters K., Schmuecker H., Steinke M., Barlow N. R., Bhimji W., Chevalier N., Clark P. J., Cottingham W. N., Foster B., Mackay C., Wilson F. F., Abe K., Hearty C., Mattison T. S., McKenna J. A., Thiessen D., Jolly S., McKemey A. K., Blinov V. E., Bukin A. D., Bukin D. A., Buzykaev A. R., Golubev V. B., Ivanchenko V. N., Korol A. A., Kravchenko E. A., Onuchin A. P., Serednyakov S. I., Skovpen Y. I., Telnov V. I., Yushkov A. N., Best D., Chao M., Kirkby D., Lankford A. J., Mandelkern M., McMahon S., Stoker D. P., Arisaka K., Buchanan C., Chun S., MacFarlane D. B., Prell S.

We present a measurement of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in neutral B meson decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The data sample consists of 29.7 fb-1 recorded at the Υ(4S) resonance and 3.9 fb-1 off resonance. One of the neutral B mesons, which are produced in pairs at the Υ(4S), is fully reconstructed in the CP decay modes J/ΨKS 0, Ψ(2S)KS 0, Xc1KS 0, J/ΨK*0 (K*0→Ks 0π0) and J/ΨKL 0, or in flavor-eigenstate modes involving D(*)π/ρ/a1 and J/ΨK*0 (K*0→K+π-). The flavor of the other neutral B meson is tagged at the time of its decay, mainly with the charge of identified leptons and kaons. A neural network tagging algorithm is used to recover events without a clear lepton or kaon tag. The proper time elapsed between the decays is determined by measuring the distance between the decay vertices. Wrong-tag probabilities, the time-difference resolution function, and the B0-B̄0 oscillation frequency Δmd are measured with a sample of about 6350 fully-reconstructed B0 decays in hadronic flavor-eigenstate modes. A maximum-likelihood fit to this flavor eigenstate sample finds Δmd=0.516±0.016(stat)±0.010(syst) ps-1. The value of the asymmetry amplitude sin 2Β is determined from a simultaneous maximum-likelihood fit to the time-difference distribution of the flavor-eigenstate sample and about 642 tagged B0 decays in the CP-eigenstate modes. We find sin 2Β=0.59 ±0.14(stat)±0.05(syst), demonstrating that CP violation exists in the neutral B meson system. We also determine the value of the CP violation parameter |λ|=0.93±0.09(stat)±0.03(syst), which is consistent with the expectation of |λ|=1 for no direct CP violation.