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ISSN - 00319007, EISSN - 10797114, Physical Review Letters, 2004, vol. 93, p. 131801-1

Direct CP violating asymmetry in B0 → K +π- decays

Aubert B., Barate R., Boutigny D., Couderc F., Gaillard J. M., Hicheur A., Karyotakis Y., Lees J. P., Tisserand V., Zghiche A., Palano A., Pompili A., Chen J. C., Qi N. D., Rong G., Wang P., Zhu Y. S., Eigen G., Ofte I., Stugu B., Abrams G. S., Borgland A. W., Breon A. B., Brown D. N., Button-Shafer J., Cahn R. N., Charles E., Day C. T., Gill M. S., Gritsan A. V., Groysman Y., Jacobsen R. G., Kadel R. W., Kadyk J., Kerth L. T., Kolomensky Y. G., Kukartsev G., Lynch G., Mir L. M., Oddone P. J., Orimoto T. J., Pripstein M., Roe N. A., Ronan M. T., Shelkov V. G., Wenzel W. A., Barrett M., Ford K. E., Harrison T. J., Hart A. J., Hawkes C. M., Morgan S. E., Watson A. T., Fritsch M., Goetzen K., Held T., Koch H., Lewandowski B., Pelizaeus M., Steinke M., Boyd J. T., Chevalier N., Cottingham W. N., Kelly M. P., Latham T. E., Wilson F. F., Cuhadar-Donszelmann T., Hearty C., Knecht N. S., Mattison T. S., McKenna J. A., Thiessen D., Khan A., Kyberd P., Teodorescu L., Blinov A. E., Blinov V. E., Druzhinin V. P., Golubev V. B., Ivanchenko V. N., Kravchenko E. A., Onuchin A. P., Serednyakov S. I., Skovpen Y. I., Solodov E. P., Yushkov A. N., Best D., Bruinsma M., Chao M., Eschrich I., Kirkby D., Lankford A. J., Mandelkern M., Mommsen R. K., Roethel W., Stoker D. P., Buchanan C., Hartfiel B. L., Foulkes S. D., Gary J. W.

A measurement of the direct CP violating asymmetry in the decay B 0→K+π- is discussed using a data sample of 227×106 υ(4S)→BB̄ decays. It is found that direct CP violation does not involve particle-antiparticle oscillations. The data sample is collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at SLAC. The probability of observing an asymmetry is 1.3×10-5, in the absence of direct CP violation, corresponding to 4.2 standard deviations.