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ISSN - 00319007, EISSN - 10797114, Physical Review Letters, 2007, vol. 99, p. -

Observation of CP violation in B0→K+π- and B0→π+π-

Aubert B., Bona M., Boutigny D., Karyotakis Y., Lees J. P., Poireau V., Prudent X., Tisserand V., Zghiche A., Garra Tico J., Grauges E., Lopez L., Palano A., Eigen G., Ofte I., Stugu B., Sun L., Abrams G. S., Battaglia M., Brown D. N., Button-Shafer J., Cahn R. N., Groysman Y., Jacobsen R. G., Kadyk J. A., Kerth L. T., Kolomensky Yu G., Kukartsev G., Lopes Pegna D., Lynch G., Mir L. M., Orimoto T. J., Pripstein M., Roe N. A., Ronan M. T., Tackmann K., Wenzel W. A., Del Amo Sanchez P., Hawkes C. M., Watson A. T., Held T., Koch H., Lewandowski B., Pelizaeus M., Schroeder T., Steinke M., Cottingham W. N., Walker D., Asgeirsson D. J., Cuhadar-Donszelmann T., Fulsom B. G., Hearty C., Knecht N. S., Mattison T. S., McKenna J. A., Khan A., Saleem M., Teodorescu L., Blinov V. E., Bukin A. D., Druzhinin V. P., Golubev V. B., Onuchin A. P., Serednyakov S. I., Skovpen Yu I., Solodov E. P., Todyshev K. Yu, Bondioli M., Curry S., Eschrich I., Kirkby D., Lankford A. J., Lund P., Mandelkern M., Martin E. C., Stoker D. P., Abachi S., Buchanan C., Foulkes S. D., Gary J. W., Liu F., Long O., Shen B. C., Zhang L., Paar H. P., Rahatlou S., Sharma V., Berryhill J. W., Campagnari C., Cunha A., Dahmes B., Hong T. M., Kovalskyi D., Richman J. D., Beck T. W., Eisner A. M., Flacco C. J., Heusch C. A., Kroseberg J., Lockman W. S.

We report observations of CP violation in the decays B0→K+π- and B0→π+π- in a sample of 383×106 Υ(4S)→BB̄ events. We find 4372±82 B0→K+π- decays and measure the direct CP-violating charge asymmetry AKπ=-0.107±0.018(stat)-0.004+0.007(syst) , which excludes the CP-conserving hypothesis with a significance of 5.5 standard deviations. In the same sample, we find 1139±49 B0→π+π- decays and measure the CP-violating asymmetries Sππ=-0.60±0.11(stat)±0.03(syst) and Cππ=-0. 21±0.09(stat)±0.02(syst). CP conservation in B0→π+π- (Sππ=Cππ=0) is excluded at a confidence level 1-C.L.=8×10-8, corresponding to 5.4 standard deviations. © 2007 The American Physical Society.