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ISSN - 15507998, Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 2015, vol. 91, p. -

Measurement of the proton form factor by studying e+e- →p p ¯ measurement of the proton form factor by ⋯ M. ABLIKIM et al.

Ablikim M., Achasov M. N., Ai X. C., Albayrak O., Albrecht M., Ambrose D. J., Amoroso A., An F. F., An Q., Bai J. Z., Baldini Ferroli R., Ban Y., Bennett D. W., Bennett J. V., Bertani M., Bettoni D., Bian J. M., Bianchi F., Boger E., Bondarenko O., Boyko I., Briere R. A., Cai H., Cai X., Cakir O., Calcaterra A., Cao G. F., Cetin S. A., Chang J. F., Chelkov G., Chen G., Chen H. S., Chen H. Y., Chen J. C., Chen M. L., Chen S. J., Chen X., Chen X. R., Chen Y. B., Cheng H. P., Chu X. K., Cibinetto G., Cronin-Hennessy D., Dai H. L., Dai J. P., Dbeyssi A., Dedovich D., Deng Z. Y., Denig A., Denysenko I., Destefanis M., De Mori F., Ding Y., Dong C., Dong J., Dong L. Y., Dong M. Y., Du S. X., Duan P. F., Fan J. Z., Fang J., Fang S. S., Fang X., Fang Y., Fava L., Feldbauer F., Felici G., Feng C. Q., Fioravanti E., Fritsch M., Fu C. D., Gao Q., Gao X. Y., Gao Y., Gao Z., Garzia I., Geng C., Goetzen K., Gong W. X., Gradl W., Greco M., Gu M. H., Gu Y. T., Guan Y. H., Guo A. Q., Guo L. B., Guo Y., Guo Y. P., Haddadi Z., Hafner A., Han S., Han Y. L., Hao X. Q.

© 2015 American Physical Society. Using data samples collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we measure the Born cross section of e+e-→pp¯ at 12 center-of-mass energies from 2232.4 to 3671.0 MeV. The corresponding effective electromagnetic form factor of the proton is deduced under the assumption that the electric and magnetic form factors are equal (GE=GM). In addition, the ratio of electric to magnetic form factors, GE/GM, and GM are extracted by fitting the polar angle distribution of the proton for the data samples with larger statistics, namely at s=2232.4 and 2400.0 MeV and a combined sample at s=3050.0, 3060.0 and 3080.0 MeV, respectively. The measured cross sections are in agreement with recent results from BABAR, improving the overall uncertainty by about 30%. The GE/GM ratios are close to unity and consistent with BABAR results in the same q2 region, which indicates the data are consistent with the assumption that GE=GM within uncertainties.